Precision nutrition could be key to improving global cardiometabolic health

As Dr. Suzan Wopereis, principal scientist at the Dutch applied research organization TNO, explained during a presentation, nutrition is becoming evermore personal as the industry creates more tools to quantify the impact of lifestyle on health.ย 

โ€œThere is a growing consensus that environment and lifestyle habits, including diet, make us vulnerable to chronic diseases like type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease,โ€ she said.

Therefore, TNO has initiated a research program focusing on personalized health to combat lifestyle-related diseases, aiming to develop knowledge, methodologies and prototypes that can be used by public and private partners to enhance their services and products.

It uses data and artificial intelligence (AI) to create tailored lifestyle recommendations, which are delivered through various formats, such as apps or wearables, providing real-time, actionable advice based on continuous monitoring.ย 

โ€œThe ultimate goal is to reach different consumer groups and improve overall societal health,โ€ Wopereis noted.

Evolving understandingย โ€‹ย 

The concept of personalized nutrition has evolved over the past decade, Vimal Karami, professor of nutrigenetics and nutrigenomics at the University of Reading, told the audience.ย 

Originally, it focused on developing diets based on an individual’s genetic makeup, known as nutrigenetics, yet now, the term โ€˜precision nutritionโ€™ is used to reflect a more holistic approach.

Precision nutrition considers four key components: nutrigenetics, metabolomics, the gut microbiome and changes in epigenetic markers. These components work together in parallel whenever food is consumed, highlighting the complexity and interconnectedness of dietary impacts on the body, Karami explained.ย 

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